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August 27, 2015

August 27, 1928: major powers “end war”

On this day in 1928, fifteen major powers signed the Kellogg-Briand Pact, supposedly ending war.

Among those initial signatories were Germany, Italy, and Japan – the countries that would form the Axis Powers in World War II. (Great Britain and the United States were also among the fifteen; the Soviet Union would sign before the treaty took effect in 1929.)

The U.S. Senate approved the treaty 85-1, with only John J. Blaine of Wisconsin voting against its adoption.

It is named for U.S. Secretary of State Frank B. Kellogg and French Foreign Minister Aristide Briand, who wrote the agreement.

Image: President Calvin Coolidge signing the Pact, January 1929.

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